Kennedy had played a large role in civil rights when he was in office, and had aided in a multitude of different programs and actions such as, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, helping with desegregation in schools and universities, and Affirmative Action within the workplace; even other family members made contributions....
History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Historian, Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008. “Rolling Back Civil Rights,” (December 13, 2017)
â The Industrial Revolution was an era marked by a number of trends in American history: several scientific and industrial developments, a population boom, largely due to incoming immigrants from Southern, Central, and Eastern Europe, and a series of questionable business practices.
There are numerous scholarships available to African-Americans who wish to obtain a college degree. Some are made available to members of ethnic minority groups to address the historic lack of economic opportunity suffered by African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans and members of other minority groups. Others are specifically intended for African-Americans, often to attract them to work in specific professions. Some scholarships are not expressly intended for African-American students, but are awarded to students enrolled at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).
During the Civil Rights Movement, it was said to be a time full of violence and brutality; however, many African-Americans pulled through in their time of struggle....
The Essence Scholars Program is awarded to female African-American college sophomores or juniors at an accredited college or university. The college or university must be part of the United Negro College Fund, unless the applicant is enrolled at Howard University or Hampton University.
Applicants for the Essence Scholars Program must have a 3.0 or higher grade point average, and demonstrate a need for financial assistance through a FAFSA application. The scholarship is awarded to five female African-American students per year. The maximum amount that any one scholar can receive through the Essence Scholars Program is $10,000. Some are awarded at lesser amounts.
Hundreds of thousands of civil rights activists utilized non violent resistance and civil disobediance to revolt against racial segregration and discrimination.
Prior to the Civil war, slaves vehemently hoped freedom would give them the right of equal status in American society, but to their surprise, their dream of an egalitarian America was impeded after the assassination of President Lincoln.
The key players in succeeding with the civil rights movement were the soldiers returning from the war, Martin Luther King Jr, Malcolm X, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the anti-Vietnam War activists.
African American children are socialized in the home, but the church often plays an important role. Parents depend upon other family members to chastise, instruct, and discipline their children, particularly if the family members live in proximity and the children know them well. Socialization takes place through rites and celebrations which grow out of either religious or cultural observances. There is a growing interest in African child socialization patterns with the emergence of the Afrocentric movement. Parents introduce the mfundalai rites of passage at an early age in order to provide the child with historical referents. Increasingly this rite has replaced religious rites within the African American tradition for children. Although it is called mfundalai in the Northeast, it may be referred to as Changing Season Rite in other sections of the United States. This was done in the past in the churches and schools where children had to recite certain details about heroines and heroes or about various aspects of African American history and culture in order to be considered mature in the culture. Many independent schools have been formed to gain control over the cultural and psychological education of African American children. A distrust of the public schools has emerged during the past twenty five years because African Americans believe that it is difficult for African American children to gain the self confidence they need from teachers who do not understand or are insensitive to the culture. Youth clubs established along the lines of the African age-set groups are popular as drill teams and formal youth groups often called "street gangs" if they engage in delinquent behavior. These groups are more often than not, healthy expressions of male and sometimes female socialization clubs. Church groups and community center organizations seek to channel the energies of these groups into positive socialization experiences. They are joined by the numerous Afrocentric workshops and seminars that train young people in the traditional behaviors and customs.
This scholarship is supported by Essence Magazine, which provides information for and about African-American women. Essence Magazine is owned by Time Warner Inc. The minority scholarship offered by Time Warner is the same scholarship that was offered before Time Warner acquired Essence Magazine.
Yet, equality elapsed over time, and due to pivotal events in American history such as the Cold War and WWII, the Civil Rights Movement molded the road toward change and challenged America to redefine their core values....