Or a poster may graphically represent the thinking processes used to arrive at an interpretation or conclusion. Here is an example of an inductive analysis, interpretation, or argument.
This assignment asks that you synthesize the essays by Freire and Wallace, and analyze their rhetoric (their method of persuasion), and their purpose.
The body paragraphs that follow should take a critical eye to other aspects of the text which serve to support the essay's theme. For example, one may explore inherent contradictions within the text. One might also explicate Arnold's employment of certain types of literary devices or themes such as setting or historical references made in the text that lucidly illustrate the essay's main theme.
The conclusion of an analytical essay usually consists of one to two paragraphs, depending on depth and length of the paper, which serve(s) to draw the essay to a close. The author should begin this paragraph by restating the thesis once again. From this point, the author should briefly restate the themes of the main body and broadly lead the reader to a closing statement. This statement should not be a quote, but a creative statement derived entirely by the author to leave the reader thinking positively about the argument made throughout the essay. The author's purpose is to leave the reader convinced of the thesis and satisfied with the evidence provided. A reader that is left confused or questioning the author's integrity is not desirable. The author should leave the essay with an air of poise. In so doing, the reader will respond by appreciating the author's confidence.
Analysis aims to explain how the writer makes us see what he or she wants us to see, the effect of the writing techniques, the text’s themes and your personal response to these.
What is it?
This is the type of essay where you prove that your opinion, theory or hypothesis about an issue is correct or more truthful than those of others.
When synthesizing two things, you compare them and point out their differences, but emphasize their similarities, and find enough common ground that you can say, together, they present a single idea or a single thesis. I think Wallace and Freire both have common goals or agendas; they just arrive there in different ways. Locate their thesis, their primary concepts, their primary reason for writing these essays, and see where they overlap. That overlap—the similarities in concept—is the synthesis.
The writer would now move on to discuss the inherent assumptions present in the text. “Arnold assumes that his audience, being products of the Industrial Revolution, have adopted the viewpoint of the majority, which is a rejection of religion and the adoption of Darwinism. He assumes that this spiritual change has left his audience hopeless and miserable.” Here, the quotation relates to the essay's theme and the explanation of the quotation serves to support the writer's claim or fatten the sound of his/her argument, as it were. The writer has explored the text's intended audience and certain assumptions about that audience made by the author. By and large, the paragraph, albeit critically analyzed and broken down, should ultimately serve to further support the writer's claim.
Ultimately, metaphor maps are less about the drawing and more about how students synthesize and unify complex, multidimensional thinking around a single metaphor–and how clearly and effectively they explain these ideas. This strategy stretches them beyond the typical modes of learning and challenges them to organize their thoughts in a new way.
For example, a poster might capture the processes of close reading and analysis of a single key passage of text (or image of a work of art), part of a larger project but focused on a key moment.
Within the body of the essay, one may focus on an aspect of the poem that serves to supports the essay's theme. For example, one may choose to describe the image of human suffering that is portrayed throughout the poem through the rise and fall of meter throughout the poem: “Begin, and cease, and then again begin, / With tremulous cadence slow, and bring / The eternal note of sadness in” (Arnold, 1867). Here, the rise and fall of meter mimics the ebb and flow of the tide, which parallels the theme of the poem, the endless flow of human suffering.
The thesis statement can be defined as the central argument or main idea of the essay and serves as the essay's foundation. In an analytical essay, the thesis statement is reactionary. The writer has read the original work and is establishing a solid viewpoint regarding the text. This viewpoint can be a bold statement regarding the author's intended purpose of the original text. A clear, concise thesis statement in an analytical essay would be as follows: “Matthew Arnold believes that the onset of the Industrial Revolution has proven hazardous to the human spirit. He believes that progress has left humans spiritually empty due to the ever-growing dismissive attitude toward religion.” This claim about Arnold's poem is reactionary on the part of the writer. The writer will now set to prove his/her claim using evidence from the text.
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An analytical essay can be defined as a writer's reaction/response to a body of work through a critical lens. That is, one must set out to explain the significance of the text by persuading the reader of a certain point regarding the text. This point or claim the writer is trying to make is not a fact, but rather his/her opinion of the text. The writer must support his/her argument by exploring the text in great depth. To do this effectively, one must use evidence from the text to explore all sides of his/her argument regarding the text and ultimately, support his/her claim.