According to Lauran Neergaard from the Huffington Post, more than 32.5 percent of all adults in Mississippi are obese, and that has been for five years straight.
Depression which is also one of the psychological conditions has a link to obesity, but the link is inconsistent and uncertain. There is significant prove that people at times may engage in overeating when they are stressed, this acts as a form of self medication for them. This is however inconclusive because some people in stress have been known to greatly reduce their eating and in return reduce much of their weight. Researches in to preferences of obesity have also shown that people would rather prefer many other conditions rather than be obese, and this gives a conclusive look that indeed there is a great connection between obesity and psychology.
Management of obesity
The health of a human being will mostly depend on the childhood raising and this is in relation to the healthy eating and if one is active enough in the physical activities. Parents must therefore develop a strategy of ensuring their children are active enough and not lazy as such. Schools in the United Sates are also expected to create awareness and education on how to prevent obesity by staying and eating healthy.
Obesity is a condition in which the subject in question has excessive body fat which may pose negative effects on his/her health, and thus reducing the life expectancy of the subject and/or additionally increasing the health problems that the subject may encounter. Obesity is measured using the body mass index (BMI). The BMI is a measure that compares the height and weight of an individual to determine whether s/he is obese or pre-obese. Pre-obese people have a BMI which ranges between 25 to 30 kg/m2 and obese people are people with a BMI above 30 kg/m2. Obesity predisposes individuals to various health conditions, including type II diabetes, osteoarthritis, cardiovascular diseases, obstructive sleep apnea and various types of cancer. Currently, obesity is the leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States of America and many other developed nations round the globe. A number of European and American studies have shown that mortality risks are very low at a BMI of between 20 to 25 kg/m2 in people that do not smoke and at 24–27 kg/m2in people that smoke. The risk increases along with shifts in either direction. The same research has shown that a BMI above 32 doubles the rate of mortality among females aged above 16 years.
Thanks for pointing out that obesity could be because of genetics too. I hate when people make fun of fat people without knowing facts. Some people could be obese because of some other reasons and not because they eat a lot or don’t workout. So stop judging us.
Obesity has become not only the number one cause in death, but according to David Zinczenko, editor-in-chief of Men’s Health and author of “Don’t Blame the Eater”, it is the number one cost in health care with numbers rising well over 100 billion dollars a year (196).
The major cause of obesity in children and adolescence is eating too much and having limited exercise. However, this is not always apparent because some cases of obesity are brought about by genetic factors. That is, if your child has was born form a family of members who are overweight, then the child may end up being obese.
Obesity puts extra pressure on the heart in order to draw enough oxygen for the tissues and cells in the body. As a result, the blood pressure increases and hence the individual suffers from high blood pressure. In an effort to supply enough oxygen to all tissues and organs in the body, heart makes blood to flow through additional blood vessels and hence is a big threat to the patient’s life.
Osteoarthritis is also a common problem faced by obese people. Because of the stress on the legs and hip due to being overweight, an individual can suffer from joint pain.
Obesity in childhood has both the instant and long-term effects on the health of a child as well as his/her well living. The immediate effects are; the obese adolescence may have a pre-diabetes which is a condition whereby the levels of glucose will indicate a high risk of diabetes development. Obese children and adolescence are also at a higher risk of having joints and bones complications, sleep apnea as well as some psychosocial problems like low self-esteem and stigmatization.
The long-term effects on health by obesity in childhood are; the obese children and adolescents will most likely be obese when they are grown men and women and this causes them more risk for further heart diseases, some cancer types, strokes or osteoarthritis. The other long-term effect is that obesity and overweight is usually associated with more risks for a lot of cancer types like breast cancer, gall bladder, colon, kidney, ovary, prostrate or cervix cancer. Also the other diseases are lymphoma of Hodgkin and multiple myeloma.
In the US, the rate of Childhood obesity has been on a high rise over the past three decades, and today, the United States is known to have some of the most cases of obesity in a child’s life. In deep reality check, the obesity in children has more than doubled and that of adolescence have tripled over more than 25 years ago. It has come to be noted that one out of six children is obese and in the same case, one out of three children is either overweight or obese.
Hardening of the arteries, also known as Atherosclerosis, is common in people suffering from obesity. This is because of the deposition of fat along the walls of arteries and blood vessels.