As over-exploitation, misuse, destruction and pollution of natural resources are transgression against human existence and their natural environment, international as well as regional legal instruments regulating the illegal waste dumping are in place.
Apart from charcoal and hazardous waste dumping; illegal fishing, merciless hunting, water pollution, are all environmental abuses that have gone unchecked in Somalia for over a decade.
This lack of functional system of government and control facilitated these individuals to run these unsustainable business activities damaging local natural environment.
In one hand, Somalia is experiencing enormous environmental problems, while on the other hand it is lacking both human and financial resources as well as political stability to address these life affecting issues.
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However, for the purpose of this paper, the environment is considered to be a comprehensive term
that includes both human and physical factors such as water, soil, vegetation and air as well as animal populations.
The UEPPCB came into existence on 1st May 2002 and functions through its Head Office at Dehradun along with its 4 Regional Offices, Dehradun, Roorkee, Haldwani & Kashipur. UEPPCB has always endeavored to strike a rational balance between economic growth and environmental conservation. The Board has been entrusted with the powers and functions under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974. Subsequently the implementation of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977; Air (Prevention and Control Of Pollution) Act, 1981; Environment Protection Act (1986) and the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 was also entrusted to the State Board.
While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world.
Since the state collapse in 1991, country's environmental degradation has accelerated, especially the rate of deforestation has steadily accelerated while toxic waste dumping became newly established business.