Cooper, Leonard. The Age of Wellington: The Life and Times of the Duke of Wellington 1759-1852. New York: Dodd, Mead, and Co., 1963. Print.
Aldington, Richard. The Duke: Being an Account of the Life & Achievements of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. New York: The Viking Press, 1943. Print.
Grass, Sean. “On the Death of the Duke of Wellington, 14 September 1852.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History. Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net. Web. [Here, add your last date of access to BRANCH].
After helping in the Rebellion of New Spain, Wellesley returned to England and entered a life of politics, becoming an influential member of the Tory party. He became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1830, keeping the post until 1833. However after this he was still politically active, as he was a minister in the Cabinet.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, was a celebrated British soldier, well known for his command of the and of the main British army in the second half of the . After this, he became a temporary governer of the , though he was replaced in 1820. After this, he and an army helped Spain in the by the terms of the , negotiated by himself and Spanish foreign minister Luis de Onís.
This essay discusses the death of the Duke of Wellington on 14 September 1852, which is notable less for the fact or manner of his death than for the spectacular funeral that followed two months later, on 18 November. By the time of his death, Wellington was already a kind of living monument, a last grand hero of England’s bygone Romantic age. Consequently, and precisely because it followed on the heels of the Great Exhibition of 1851, Wellington’s death crystallized a pivotal cultural moment, when England’s Romantic past gave way finally and decisively to the pressures of commodity, celebrity, and spectacle that had been mounting for a half-century, and that would characterize the increasingly modern tone of Victorian England. First, this essay discusses the lavish arrangements for Wellington’s state funeral, then it attempts to describe the nation’s complex impulses simultaneously to mourn and commodify the great Duke. Finally the essay captures, as much as possible, the ways that Britons – from Queen Victoria to William Gladstone to Charles Dickens – responded to this moment, unlike any other in English history.