In literature, the word is associated with simplicity and denotes a retreat from the complexities of life.
Archaism: Deliberate use of words, expressions, spellings, or phrases that have become obsolete in the present era by a writer for artistic purposes.
Archetype: Archetypes are characters, images, and themes that evoke same response in readers across cultures and time because of their symbolic association with universal meanings.
Argument: The sequence of ideas or the plot of a poem that forms its conceptual structure.
Arthurian: Any piece of literature that is related to King Arthur.
Aside: A stage device through which a speaker communicates his thoughts and ideas to the audience through a short speech which, by convention, other characters on stage are unable to hear.
Assonance: Assonance is the repetition of identical or similar vowels (specially in stressed syllables), in words that occur in close sequence.
Asyndterm: It is a stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are intentionally removed from a string of related clauses.
Psychoanalytic criticism may focus on the writer's psyche, the study of the creative process, the study of psychological types and principles present within works of literature, or the effects of literature upon its readers (Wellek and Warren, p.
In the same way, Matt Haig's is set in modern England, but is similar to written by William Shakespeare.
Intrigue Plot: Intrigue is a literary device where one of the characters in the story plans a scheme which can only be successful if the other character or characters remain ignorant of it.
Famous example is John Milton's where he invokes the "Heav'nly Muse".
Irony: Irony is a literary device where the reality is totally different from what is actually portrayed.
In media res can also be found in the famous works like Homer's and , Dante's , etc.
Interior Monologue: Interior monologue is a literary device which can be said to be a type of stream of consciousness, where the writer records the thinking process of a character in the same way in which he is thinking, filled with vagueness, and lacking a chronological order.
Literature is held to be subject to critical analysis by the sciences of linguistics but also by a type of linguistics different from that adapted to ordinary discourse, because its laws produce the distinctive features of literariness (Abrams, pp.
MYTHOPOEIA (Greek "myth-making" or "myth-poetry"): (1) J. R. R. Tolkien's neologism for the deliberate creation of artificial , especially the incorporation of traditional mythic into current fiction, whether that fiction be something akin to Virgil's propaganda in The Aeneid, the Romantic poetry of William Blake, or the fantasy literature of C.S. Lewis or Tolkien himself. Tolkien connected mythopoeia with his theological doctrine of (q.v.) (2) Tolkien's poem of the same title, which he wrote in response to an argument he and the other Inklings had regarding C.S. Lewis' atheism shortly after September 19, 1931. C.S. Lewis initially felt he could not believe in a literal resurrection of Christ because the narrative pattern in the Gospels echoed much older myths about sacrificial dying gods, as detailed at length in Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough. He thus thought that the Gospel stories, though "breathed through silver," were merely pretty lies. Tolkien's counter-argument was that, even though much older versions of the story existed before the time of Christ, that did not matter. Tolkien argued that, what God did in the incarnation and crucifixion was to take the older stories and make them literally true. Our older myths expressed man's deepest longest for redemption and resurrection, and that God chose to fulfill those ancient desires by giving Christ to humanity--and thus the older myth could be made flesh and walk among us.
consider the metaphorical statement, "Susan is a viper in her cruel treacheries." Here, Susan is the tenor in the metaphor, and viper is the vehicle in the same metaphor. The tenor, Susan, is literally present or literally exists. The vehicle, the hypothetical or imagined viper, is not necessarily physically present.
Its synonyms are and .
Climax (Literary): A point in the play or any form of literary work at which crisis reaches its maximum intensity and then is resolved.
Close Reading: Bit by bit analysis of every word and literary devices used to understand their significance, inter-relationship.
The final fifteen items assess the student's ability in literary criticism. Upwards of six selections, in toto or excerpted, are provided for analysis. Three to four items, usually, per selection or excerpt ask the student to recognize or understand the literature; the analytical tools represented by the concepts that are covered in the Handbook and that are often exercised in analysis and discussion of literature to a depth often accomplished in the review of the literature listed on the UIL Reading List (see Part 2) are thus applied.
During crisis, it is unclear if a protagonist will fail or succeed in his struggle.
Criticism: Literary criticism is the overall term for study, analysis, defining, interpreting, and evaluating works of literature.