Acquiring this expertise will require that educators play greater attention to differentiated instruction. "Differentiated instruction is a process to approach teaching and learning for students of differing abilities in the same class. The intent of differentiating instruction is to maximize each student’s growth and individual success by meeting each student where he or she is, and assisting in the learning process." Educators who differentiate instruction strive to "recognize students varying background knowledge, readiness, language, preferences in learning, interests; and to react responsively" (Hall, Strangman, & Meyer, 2003, Definition section). As promoters of differentiated instruction, Carol Ann Tomlinson and Jay McTighe (2006) indicated that it is primarily an instructional design model that focuses on "whom we teach, where we teach, and how we teach" (p. 3). Tomlinson's website, , will enhance your knowledge of differentiated instruction. She also clarifies myths and misconceptions about differentiation in an ASCD podcast,.
The process of differentiation is challenging for educators, as it requires developing skills to teach in a flexible manner that responds to the unique needs of learners. Often total lessons or the pace of individual lessons need to be adjusted "on-the-fly." Teacher-led group instruction is only one model of instruction. So, teachers also need to know about additional resources beyond what's in the textbook or available in print format that can be used to help learners. For example, students can also learn from each other in collaborative groups, or from virtual instructors in online settings, or by working alone using software or apps. They can get different perspectives on a topic from viewing podcasts.
Hall, T., Strangman, N., & Meyer, A. (2003). Differentiated instruction and implications for UDL implementation. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessing the General Curriculum. Retrieved from
Common Core State Standards. (2010). Mathematics, Introduction, Standards for Mathematical Practice. Washington, DC: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Council of Chief State School Officers. Retrieved from
White (2007) presented a novel way to test levels of understanding. He proposed writing two test questions on a topic, allowing students to choose only one of those to answer. The first is written for the knowledge and comprehension levels (e.g., key verbs: list, describe), and the second is written for the higher critical thinking levels of application, analysis, and synthesis. Points possible would be indicated for each, so that students would recognize that only those answering the second could be awarded maximum points toward an A+ grade. The option to choose enables the less able student to better demonstrate what he does know and perhaps earn a B grade, rather than risk failure because of an inability to demonstrate critical thinking. For either question, students could fail.
For example, in an essay about the importance of airbags in cars, the introduction might start with some information about car accidents and survival rates. It might also have a grabber about someone who survived a terrible accident because of an airbag. The thesis would briefly state the main reasons for recommending airbags, and each reason would be discussed in the main body of the essay.
NCLB mandated that states and districts adopt programs andpolicies supported by scientifically based research. The Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 recognizes other forms of research in that this law "requires that states and districts use evidence-based interventions to support school improvement" (Dynarski, 2015, para. 1; 114th Congress, 2015). Drawing upon research and an extensive collection of evidence from multiple sources, the Common Core State Standards (2010) were developed to reflect the knowledge and skills that young people need for success in college and careers. Those standards impact teachers in several ways, including to guide them "toward curricula and teaching strategies that will give students a deep understanding of the subject and the skills they need to apply their knowledge" (Common Core State Standards Initiative, ). For many the standards require changes in how mathematics is taught, thus they will influence instructional strategies that educators use. In a standards-basedclassroom four instructional strategies are key:
Even in states which have pre-empted weapons laws, big
cities sometimes pass and enforce knife laws anyway
(Portland, Oregon, in its attempt to ban pocketknives, was a
recent example; the ban survived three levels of appeal,
until being overturned by the State Supreme Court).
An informative essay contains information about certain event or thing which the writer writes from an unbiased viewpoint. Due to the nature of the essay, it is important that writers prepare an informative essay outline so that the essay conveys the exact thoughts that the writer wants to convey.
Writing an informative essay outline is an important step to be followed before you actually write an informative essay. The outline must contain an introduction to the topic which clearly highlights the reason for writing the essay and the sources of information for the informative essay. The next point of an informative paper outline is regarding the actual event or story or information which the writer wants to pass on to the target audience. Here make sure to include quotes as long as you don’t cram too many in your essay. The final section of an informational essay outline should contain the conclusion for the essay. A strong finish to the essay guarantees that the essay will have the desired impact hence a precise conclusion is as important as a brief introduction.
Most students directly jump to write the essay without giving due consideration to the essay outline. Writing an outline for informative essay is an important step and should not be missed. It provides structure to the essay. It guides the writer in case he is wandering away from the topic. Probably the most important benefit of writing an outline is that it saves time while writing the informative essay. There are many resources from where you can get an informative essay outline format. The internet is the cheapest and easiest resource for all information today including outline formats for informative essays. However it may not be necessarily the best resource. A good idea would be to create your own template which you can use in case you need to write multiple informative essays. Another way is to get such templates from your peers. These formats should be based on what is expected from you. In case you find that there is something which is not relevant in these formats, feel free to delete those sections. Similarly if you feel that certain additions are required go ahead and make those additions.
Outlines are great time saving tools as they set the tone for the writer to elaborate the events and his thoughts. So the next time you are faced with the task of writing an informative essay, make sure that you write the outline first and then proceed towards writing the main essay. This way you can ensure quality output. And if someone is looking for tips on how to write an outline for informative essay you can easily share it with them.