Decoding Papa: "A Very Short Story" As Work and Text / Robert Scholes 33
Hemingway's "After the Storm": A Lacanian Reading / Ben Stolzfus 48
Structuralism and Interpretation: Ernest Hemingway's "Cat in the Rain" / Oddvar Holmesland 58
"That Always Absent Something Else": "A Natural History of the Dead" and Its Discarded Coda / Susan F.
Bauer, Margaret D. On Hemingway's short stories "Indian Camp" and "Hills Like White Elephants." 30, 3 (Summer 2003) pp 124-37 [jstor preview or purchase].
Articles, Books Devoted to Hemingway's Works, Books Not Exclusively Devoted to Hemingway, and Dissertations Containing Discussion of Hemingway Short Stories 402
Hemingway's "Banal Story" / Wayne Kvam 215
"This Is My Pal Bugs": Ernest Hemingway's "The Battler" / George Monteiro 224
Preparing for the End: Hemingway's Revisions of "A Canary for One" / Scott Donaldson 229
: "The Capital of the World" / Bernard Oldsey 238
The Poor Kitty and the Padrone and the Tortoise-shell Cat in "Cat in the Rain" / Warren Bennett 245
Hemingway's "The Denunciation": The Aloof American / Kenneth G.
Daydream: Two Types of the Implied Reader in Hemingway's Fiction / Hubert Zapf 96
"Actually, I Felt Sorry for the Lion" ["The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"] / Nina Baym 112
"Old Man at the Bridge": The Making of a Short Story / William Braasch Watson 121
Between the battlefields and the plane crashes, the hunting and the bullfighting, the fishing and the boxing, the drinking and the boasting, wherever did Ernest Hemingway find time to write? But write he did. Hemingway produced ten novels, five books of non-fiction, and scores of short stories, essays, and poems before taking his life at the age of 61. An American original, he was born in the comfortable Midwestern suburb of Oak Park, Illinois, a place he described as full of "wide lawns and narrow minds." He spent the rest of his life throwing himself outside that comfort zone, constantly seeking new challenges, testing himself and the people around him. In doing so, he took American prose to a place it had never been—not just to the bullrings of Pamplona and the safari camps of Kenya, but to a pared-down, elegant style that condensed paragraphs of unspoken knowledge into a single sentence that said it all. The most common description of his writing style has been "hard-boiled"; Hemingway preferred to call it "true."
Hemingway was not big on self-analysis; he said upon receiving his Nobel Prize that "a writer should write what he has to say and not speak it." But the facts of his life are important, for Papa (the nickname he gave himself) believed that a good writer ought to draw always upon personal experience for his material. He wrecked his body in pursuit of a macho ideal. He wrecked his relationships in pursuit of… well, who knows what exactly he was after. After a lifetime of celebrating striving and stoicism, Hemingway ended his life wracked in mental and physical pain. Whatever his personal challenges, Hemingway's professional legacy is clear. American prose is different because of him, and his unique style has influenced art, film and countless other writers. We can only imagine that Papa would be proud.
A selective list of online literary criticism and analysis for the twentieth-century novelist and short-story writer Ernest Hemingway, favoring signed articles by recognized scholars and articles published in peer-reviewed sources